There are great views from the forbidding walls of the Habsburg fort.
The sinister Citadel looming at the top of Gellért Hill was designed to encourage those with revolutionary thoughts to think again. It was built by the Habsburgs after they’d finally defeated the Hungarian rebels during the 1848-49 Independence War. Relations considerably improved in the years that followed, and in 1894 some parts were dismantled. Since then it has been put to several purposes – including serving as a homeless shelter – but today it contains an open-air exhibition about the history of the hill and a display charting its role as an air-defence bunker during World War II. Near the Citadel is the 14m Independence Monument. Originally conceived as a memorial to Admiral Horthy’s son, who had died in a plane crash, it was subsequently altered by the pragmatic sculptor to symbolise Russia’s ‘liberation’ of the city. When the Iron Curtain finally fell, the statues of Russian soldiers that stood at its base were removed to Memento Park.