Highest Pub in Africa – A day trip to Lesotho

By Sam Robinson, a Travel Enthusiast

Read more on Lesotho.

Overall rating:4.0 out of 5 (based on 2 votes)
Recommended for:
Activity, Adventure, Road Trip, Budget, Mid-range

27 bends and a climb of 1400 metres took us to perhaps the most uniquely located pub we have ever visited; its claim to fame – highest pub in Africa

Narrow roads, hairpin bends, long drops and passport control are the varied range of features you will encounter on the 4x4 trip up the Sani Pass into Lesotho, our destination and home of the 'Highest pub in Africa'. This country, landlocked by South Africa, makes claim to the title ‘highest country in the world’ by virtue of holding the record for the world’s highest minimum elevation.

A perilous climb!

The Kingdom of Lesotho has a population of only two million, nearly a third of who are infected with HIV or AIDS, leading to a high level of poverty and many children orphaned across the country. This ‘Mountain Kingdom’ can be accessed by road on only a small number of passes, with the Sani Pass being home to bends with nicknames such as “Ice Corner", "Big Wind Corner" and "Suicide Bend”!

Thankfully, we were driven along one of the most thrilling (if not scary) roads I have ever experienced by a knowledgeable guide who took the bends in his stride, casually telling us as we passed by small car sized boulders "That wasn’t there last week!” More reassuringly, he also pointed out waterfalls tucked away between rocks as well as local flora including the pineapple flower, ubiquitous protea, and ‘old wood’ tree which has a rather unique fragrance of old socks!

We passed through South African border control relatively early in the climb, yet due to the nature of the road, the Lesotho border is not passed for a few kilometres further up, giving a reality to the notion of ‘no man’s land’. Before the ‘road’ was built, the pass was frequented by traders using mules and ponies to transport their goods. As the road winds its way up, the view below only increases your understanding of what a feat this must have been, and makes you thankful for the manoeuvrability of the 4x4 being so skilfully managed.

Mother of Peace

The top of the pass is 2873m and on the day we visited, above the level of the clouds. Our first stop was to a Basotho village where we visited our first ‘pub’ in Lesotho – the house of Makhotso.

Her name means ‘Mother of Peace’ in the local Sesotho language and, although married with children, lives on her own during term time whilst the children attend school 35km away. Once we were accepted in to her home and had greeted her with “dumela me” (hello) and the traditional 3-part handshake (representing peace, rain and prosperity), we were able to find out more about how she earns her living.

There is a white flag flown outside her rondavel home which indicates she makes and sells beer (a green flag would indicate vegetables, red – meat). The landscape in this part of Lesotho is barren with no trees; therefore the traditional houses are built from stone clad with dried cow dung, a surprisingly strong structure which does a good job of protecting against the harsh weather. The simplicity of this way of life is interspersed with surprisingly ‘modern’ ideas such as under-floor heating: In Makhotso’s house, the floor was built on rocks, with the largest in the middle placed directly under the fire. The heat from the fire transfers to the surrounding rocks and heats the whole hut!

The smoky interior was dark with simple furnishings and, most importantly for Makhotso, the containers and equipment needed to make beer. We of course sampled her wares and found it to be sweet with a strange dry aftertaste, not unpleasant, but also not one we would want to drink a lot of. After communicating “ke a leboha” (thank you), we left Makhotso and headed toward Black Mountain for possibly the highest picnic I have had at 3240m.

The highest pub in Africa

Passing by mohair and angora goats and sheep; shepherds, in their contrasting mixture of modern wellington boots and traditional thick blankets; traditional shepherd’s huts and other small communities of this mountainous country, we made our way back to the Sani Pass.

Before we began the descent, we stopped off for a drink in the Sani Top Chalet (www.sanitopchalet.co.za ) – the highest pub in Africa at 2874 metres above sea level. If you are under any doubt of this claim, the beautifully carved wooden sign taking pride of place over the bar will soon dispel those thoughts.

The chalet is in an exclusive position overlooking the winding pass below and on a clear day, the views must be stunning. Sadly, for us, by the time we arrived, the cloud and mist had closed in and instead of a cold beer outside looking down the pass; we opted for a welcome hot chocolate in the warm and cosy inside of the bar.

The mist blew over the ground as we descended in to the cloud on our way back down the pass. Each bend took us lower and remarkably after a short time, we were out of the cloud and bright sunshine covered the valley below. The sky was clear, the Drakensberg Mountains surrounded us and the Sani River ran down through the valley. A few hundred metres of road separated such contrasts in weather and landscape and made it almost seem unbelievable that above us lay a whole other country.


As mentioned, Lesotho is landlocked by South Africa. The closest International airports are Durban, SA (around 80km SE) and Johannesburg, SA (around 500km N). There is an airport in the Northern part of Lesotho in the capital Maseru and internal flights from most South African airports are available. For visiting the Sani Pass, getting to Durban, then Pietermaritzburg is probably the best option.

Our visit to Lesotho started at around 1500m at the Sani Lodge – a backpackers well known for its amazing chocolate cake; if you stay here, it is obligatory to sample it (and well worth it too!). Our trip in to Lesotho was part of the Essential Drakensberg tour organised by Sani Lodge. This includes food, lodgings, the Sani Pass tour and ‘In the Footsteps of Bushmen’ tour all for ZAR1470 pp (adult), ZAR975 (children under 10).

It is also possible to stay at the Sani Top Chalet where they have a range of backpackers’ accommodation and private rooms with en-suite facilities. (Rooms from ZAR185 pp, private rooms from ZAR600 pp)

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More information on Highest Pub in Africa – A day trip to Lesotho:

Sam Robinson
Traveller type:
Travel Enthusiast
Guide rating:
Average: 4 (2 votes)
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First uploaded:
8 October 2010
Last updated:
1 year 47 weeks 9 hours 37 min 13 sec ago
Destinations featured:
Trip types:
Activity, Adventure, Road Trip
Budget level:
Budget, Mid-range
Free tags / Keywords:
amazing views, African culture

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1. Sani Lodge
2. Sani Top Chalet

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Community comments (5)

1 of 1 people found the following comment helpful.

This guide brought back some great memories; I rode up the Sani Pass 18 years ago perched high above the road on top of a lorry carrying grain into Lesotho – a white-knuckle ride indeed! I stayed at the Sani Lodge too but I don’t think they’d started organising Lesotho tours yet, hence the truck ride.

Back then, ragged children ran about between the huts, impervious to the icy wind, against which their tattered blankets offered scant protection.

Back to your guide, I liked the personal touches like the references to Makhotso’s family. I also enjoyed the descriptions of local customs – the coloured flags, handshakes and construction techniques, for example.

Some mention of how to get there would be useful. Although Prince Harry put Lesotho on the map, I wonder how many people would know where the nearest international airport is…

It’s also a bit of a one-attraction guide and some reference to other things to do in the area might be good. The walks to remote mountain pools around Sani Lodge or the climb to the summit of Thabana Ntlenyana from Sani Top, for example.

On the other hand, you may then end up with too much material. I’m guessing that this was part of a longer trip - are you planning other guides about South Africa? I’d love to read more from you and maybe you could put links between your guides.

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Hi Jon, thank you for your comments. It is great to hear from someone else who has visited the country; usually when I mention it, the response I get is "where?"!

I have added a bit about airports, thank you for that suggestion.

With regard to other content, I did consider other activities, but thought I may get too 'wordy'. I did visit as part of a longer trip, have already written one about Coffee Bay on the Wild Coast and am planning another based around Sani Lodge.

I will have to work out how to link them though!


I agree that this guide probably has enough content already, as well as a clear and focussed theme which other content would detract from.

I discovered your Coffee Bay guide after writing my comment! I’d love to read a separate guide about Sani Lodge - I'm sure that would revive some great memories too.

I can give you tips on linking (it's best to use html tags). Send me a PM or start a thread on the forum if you want more information.

1 of 1 people found the following comment helpful.

Wow, what an experience, Sam. I loved your landscape pictures, and you give a good image of the pubs you visited.

I also enjoyed your enthusiasm as you describe your climb up the hill, and you made me wonder what the atmosphere was like in the pubs and whether you had fellow drinkers in such a remote spot.

Nice job


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Thank you for your comment.

The Sani Top Chalet was not particularly busy (the few people we saw were staying at the lodge)when we visited, I guesss they don't rely on passing trade too much like local pubs!